A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy: Volume 1 - by Leonard Levin Eliezer Schweid PDF

By Leonard Levin Eliezer Schweid

ISBN-10: 9004207333

ISBN-13: 9789004207332

The end result of Eliezer Schweids life-work as Jewish highbrow historian, this five-volume paintings presents a finished, interdisciplinary account of the main thinkers and pursuits in glossy Jewish inspiration, within the context of normal philosophy and Jewish social-political old advancements. a tremendous topic of the paintings is the reaction of Jewish concept to the increase and situation of Western humanism from the seventeenth throughout the twentieth centuries.Volume One, The interval of the Enlightenment, contains a methodological creation to the bigger paintings, in addition to thorough displays of Spinoza, Mendelssohn, Maimon, Ascher, Wessely, Schnaber and Krochmal. tablet essays on Kant, Hegel, and Schelling spotlight the problems they increase that will be of an important significance for Jewish concept.

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The first conclusion drawn by the historians of Jewish philosophy was that the canonical sources of Judaism—the Bible, Mishnah, Talmud 12 introduction and Midrash, as well as many non-canonical ethical writings—contain no philosophy. The canon contains a form of “wisdom literature,” but this is not scientific or philosophical wisdom, based on systematic rational investigation. The wisdom in this literature derived from prophetic inspiration and had the purpose of religious guidance. It focused on ethics, not in investigating nature or studying man as a natural creature.

Because of that positive relationship to the culture that human beings created (by the command of their God), prophetic monotheism did not deny the validity of the reason of man who was created in the image of his Creator. On the contrary, humankind is commanded to contemplate the wonders of nature as an expression of the divine wisdom that was revealed in creation. In this connection, one finds in the wisdom of the priests in the Bible—as well as in the wisdom of the halakha and aggada of the rabbis—elements of the wisdom of the idolatrous priests, especially in the mystical tradition that preserved a very strong connection to the pagan myth steeped in pantheism.

This occurred outside the Jewish community but within the preparatory stages of the general Enlightenment philosophy in the seventeenth century. For one of the outstanding philosophers who prepared the philosophy of the general Enlightenment and determined its relation to religion—Baruch Spinoza—was a Jewish philosopher whose early philosophical education was rooted in Jewish philosophy 8 The name of Maharal (Rabbi Judah Loew of Prague) is emblematic of the whole renaissance of philosophical and kabbalistic thought that took place in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in the Mediterranean lands and northern Europe.

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A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy: Volume 1 - The Period of the Enlightenment by Leonard Levin Eliezer Schweid


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