New PDF release: A Manchu grammar, with analysed texts

By P. G. von Mollendorff

A Manchu Grammar: with Analysed Texts
Paul Georg von Mollendorff

Contents

I-Phonology
--Alphabet (Table) Pronunciation
--Harmony of Vowels
--Diphthongs and Triphthongs
--Word adjustments and overseas phrases

II-Etymology
--Nouns and Adjectives, Terminations, Plural Case Affixes
--Pronouns
--Numerals
--Verbs, Derivation, Moods and Tenses, Irregularities, Negation
--Adverbs
--Postpositions
--Conjunctions
--Interjections

III-Syntax

Manchu Texts with Translation and research

Index of Affixes and phrases

Appendix--European Literature Treating on Manchu

Introduction

There is as but no grammar of the Manchu language in English. Wylie's translation of Tsing Wan Ki Mung, Shanghai, 1855, one of those Mauchu hand-book for using chinese language, notwithstanding important and entire of curiosity, is under no circumstances a grammar.

The normal curiosity taken in each language will, in fact, be additionally prolonged to Manchu; nonetheless a number of phrases look essential to convey the actual usefulness of its examine.

There exist in all approximately 25O works in Manchu, the vast majority of which arc translations from the chinese language. They include translations from the Classics, a few ancient and metaphysical works, literary essays, collections of well-known writers, novels, poetry, legislation and laws, Imperial edicts, dictionaries, word books, ere. each one of these translations are very good, yet they're all literal. finished less than the eyes of clever princes, they shape a competent expression of the which means of the chinese language textual content and feature as a result a correct to recognition equivalent to that loved by means of commentaries of fine writers. Manchu being infinitely more uncomplicated to benefit than chinese language, those translations are a very good support in the direction of acquiring a transparent perception into chinese language syntax, and students like Stanislas Julien, who owed the extraordinary precision in his renderings to his wisdom of Manchu, have time and again pointed this out. In a letter addressed to Dr. Legge he alludes to the examine of Manchu as being of significant tips in translating the Classics. Dr. Legge, although, within the preface to his translation of the Shuking, stated himself opposed to it. the explanations complicated via this nice student aren't very cogent, and, in reality, now not figuring out the language, he was once not often powerfuble to pass judgement on. yet, no matter if he have been correct, others might be in a special place. Dr. Legge used to be maybe extra lucky or extra proficient than most folks and had a radical mastery of chinese language on the time whilst St. Julien wrote to him. those that locate chinese language more challenging have a propensity to contemplate the Manchu translations a superb support.

This grammar being meant for the sensible function of guiding the coed in...

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Windham Press is devoted to bringing the misplaced cultural background of a long time previous into the twenty first century via fine quality reproductions of unique, vintage published works at cheap costs.

This booklet has been rigorously crafted to make use of the unique photos of old books instead of error-prone OCR textual content. This additionally preserves the paintings of the unique typesetters of those classics, unknown craftsmen who laid out the textual content, frequently through hand, of every and each web page you are going to learn. Their refined artwork regarding judgment and interplay with the textual content is in lots of methods better and extra human than the mechanical equipment applied at the present time, and gave each one ebook a distinct, handmade think in its textual content that attached the reader organically to the artwork of bindery and book-making.

We imagine those merits are definitely worth the occasional imperfection caused by the age of those books on the time of scanning, and their classic think offers a connection to the prior that is going past the mere phrases of the textual content.

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Extra resources for A Manchu grammar, with analysed texts

Sample text

A mi, me gustan los nifios silenciosos. That's a good observation. Esa es una buena observaci6n. I like the way _ _ _ _ is working. Me gusta como I like the way you are working. Me gusta la manera en que estU (estan) trabajando. Keep doing it. Sigue hici~ndolo. ----- has the answer. _ _ _ _ tiene la respuesta. corrector . - 48­ - - es~ trabajando. The Classroom - ( ) Praise (continued) You are a good student. Tu eres un buen estudiante. That's good. Eso That's great. iEso es maravilloso(a)! Very creative.

Corrige (Corrijan) los errores. Find Busca (Busquen) _ _ _ _ en alguna pane del salon. - - - - somewhere in the room. Listen to the story. Mu~strenme Escucha (Escuchen) al cuento. - 44­ The Classroom - ( Everyday Phrases aDd Directions (continued) Put Pon (pongan) _ _ _ _ aqu{. ---- here. Mark it. Mm-calo. (Mm-quenlo). Everyone sit down. Si~ntense, Everyone stop. pm-en, todos. Look. Mira (Miren). Listen. Escucha (escuchen). Go to the chalkboard. Vete (V'yanse) al pizarr6n. Here, in the middle ...

Mark it. Mm-calo. (Mm-quenlo). Everyone sit down. Si~ntense, Everyone stop. pm-en, todos. Look. Mira (Miren). Listen. Escucha (escuchen). Go to the chalkboard. Vete (V'yanse) al pizarr6n. Here, in the middle ... Aqu{, en medio... ' Si~ntate (Si~ntense) Stand up. Levmtate (Levmtense) por favor. Favor de levantarse. Please give me••• Por favor dame (denme). Pay attention. Presta (Presten) atenci6n. Walk fast (slowly). Anda (Anden) rapido (despacio). All together... Faster. ­ Todos juntos ... Mu r'Pido.

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