New PDF release: Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries

By Abbas Kazmi, James H Clark, George A Kraus, Birgit Kamm, Rainer Höfer, Sören Henke, Ludwig Theuvsen, Katerina Stamatelatou, Wim Mulder, Zsanett Herseczki, Kostas Theodoropoulos, Piergiuseppe Morone

ISBN-10: 1849731357

ISBN-13: 9781849731355

In Europe, the most oil-rich plants are sunflower, rapeseed and olive that are grown essentially for meals. This e-book discusses how you can convert this entire crop into power (fuels, energy and heat), meals and bioproducts (chemicals and/or materials), when making optimum use of the by-products generated in the course of farming/harvesting, basic processing (oil extraction and refining) and secondary processing (transesterification). The ensuing techniques are extra economically aggressive and the company margin for oil and biodiesel brands is more advantageous. formerly, oil vegetation were the most aspect of concentration yet some of the applied sciences used are acceptable to a wide selection of uncooked fabrics. for instance, cellulose from rapeseed straw might be switched over to levulinic acid however the related know-how may be utilized to cellulose from wheat straw or wooden. major attempt is now being dedicated to '2nd new release' uncooked fabrics akin to ligno-cellulose which steer clear of direct festival with nutrients resources. This quantity integrates those advancements with current plant oil provide chains and combines biochemical and thermochemical approaches to shape built-in biorefinery schemes. targeted good points of the ebook are the data on LCA of biorefinery schemes and the surveys exhibiting the place conventional industries can be suffering from new biorefinery advancements. strength and price calculations for the major biorefinery tactics and also are integrated revealing that a few are unusually ecocnomic and will provide major international merits. different subject matters lined comprise: novel farming and harvesting tools, effective extraction of plant oils, generating biodiesel with out glycerol, extraction of excessive price chemical compounds from agricultural by-products, anaerobic digestion power of agricultural by-products, use of proteins to yield amino acids, economics and lifestyles cycle research, stakeholder surveys, and coverage situations. The publication is of curiosity to lecturers operating in proper parts of chemistry, biology, fabrics, engineering, economics and coverage stories. these operating within the ecu farming also will locate it proper to their business.

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New PDF release: Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries

In Europe, the most oil-rich plants are sunflower, rapeseed and olive that are grown essentially for nutrients. This publication discusses how one can convert this entire crop into power (fuels, energy and heat), meals and bioproducts (chemicals and/or materials), while making optimum use of the by-products generated in the course of farming/harvesting, basic processing (oil extraction and refining) and secondary processing (transesterification).

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Extra resources for Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries

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Developed by standard hybrid procedures, it requires no hydrogenation, thus eliminating concerns regarding trans fatty acids. The main uses of sunflower oils are in salads and salad dressings, for cooking and as a raw material in margarine production. Moreover, they are also used as a raw material in the chemical industry and biofuel production. 103 The largest exporters of sunflower oil are Argentina, Russia, the European Union and the USA. 5 Mio mto, which cannot satisfy global demand. 104 Cotton is the most important fibre plant.

Blagoev, C. Funada, Natural Fatty Acids, ed. SRI Consulting, CEH Marketing Research Report, March 2009. 84. 2010). 85. Ista Mielke, Oil World Annual 2010, Hamburg, 2010. 86. 2010). 87. C. A. Barth, Nutritional value of rapeseed oil and its high oleic/low linolenic variety – A call for differentiation, European Journ. , 2009, 111(10), 953–956. 88. V. Cardoza and C. Stewart, Transgenic Crops VI: Canola, Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, 2007, 61, 29–37. 89. B. Gutsche, Technologie der Methylesterherstellung — Anwendung fu¨r die Biodieselproduktion, Fett/Lipid, 1997, 99(12), 418–427.

24 Chapter 1 However, a steady increase in agricultural productivity leading to almost permanent oversupply of the major farmyard commodities prompted the common market of the European Union to reform the CAP. The MacSharry reforms in 1992 can be seen as the trigger for the rise in farmers’ interest in finding new sales channels for their products. The results of the CAP negotiations included a 15% set-aside rate of the cultivated area in the European Union to reduce surpluses in the grain sector.

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Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries by Abbas Kazmi, James H Clark, George A Kraus, Birgit Kamm, Rainer Höfer, Sören Henke, Ludwig Theuvsen, Katerina Stamatelatou, Wim Mulder, Zsanett Herseczki, Kostas Theodoropoulos, Piergiuseppe Morone


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