By Abbas Kazmi, James H Clark, George A Kraus, Birgit Kamm, Rainer Höfer, Sören Henke, Ludwig Theuvsen, Katerina Stamatelatou, Wim Mulder, Zsanett Herseczki, Kostas Theodoropoulos, Piergiuseppe Morone
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Extra resources for Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries
Developed by standard hybrid procedures, it requires no hydrogenation, thus eliminating concerns regarding trans fatty acids. The main uses of sunﬂower oils are in salads and salad dressings, for cooking and as a raw material in margarine production. Moreover, they are also used as a raw material in the chemical industry and biofuel production. 103 The largest exporters of sunﬂower oil are Argentina, Russia, the European Union and the USA. 5 Mio mto, which cannot satisfy global demand. 104 Cotton is the most important ﬁbre plant.
Blagoev, C. Funada, Natural Fatty Acids, ed. SRI Consulting, CEH Marketing Research Report, March 2009. 84. 2010). 85. Ista Mielke, Oil World Annual 2010, Hamburg, 2010. 86. 2010). 87. C. A. Barth, Nutritional value of rapeseed oil and its high oleic/low linolenic variety – A call for diﬀerentiation, European Journ. , 2009, 111(10), 953–956. 88. V. Cardoza and C. Stewart, Transgenic Crops VI: Canola, Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, 2007, 61, 29–37. 89. B. Gutsche, Technologie der Methylesterherstellung — Anwendung fu¨r die Biodieselproduktion, Fett/Lipid, 1997, 99(12), 418–427.
24 Chapter 1 However, a steady increase in agricultural productivity leading to almost permanent oversupply of the major farmyard commodities prompted the common market of the European Union to reform the CAP. The MacSharry reforms in 1992 can be seen as the trigger for the rise in farmers’ interest in ﬁnding new sales channels for their products. The results of the CAP negotiations included a 15% set-aside rate of the cultivated area in the European Union to reduce surpluses in the grain sector.
Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries by Abbas Kazmi, James H Clark, George A Kraus, Birgit Kamm, Rainer Höfer, Sören Henke, Ludwig Theuvsen, Katerina Stamatelatou, Wim Mulder, Zsanett Herseczki, Kostas Theodoropoulos, Piergiuseppe Morone