Download e-book for iPad: Algorithmic Cryptanalysis by Antoine Joux

By Antoine Joux

ISBN-10: 1420070029

ISBN-13: 9781420070026

Illustrating the facility of algorithms, Algorithmic Cryptanalysis describes algorithmic tools with cryptographically appropriate examples. targeting either inner most- and public-key cryptographic algorithms, it provides every one set of rules both as a textual description, in pseudo-code, or in a C code program.

Divided into 3 elements, the publication starts off with a quick creation to cryptography and a historical past bankruptcy on hassle-free quantity concept and algebra. It then strikes directly to algorithms, with every one bankruptcy during this part devoted to a unmarried subject and infrequently illustrated with easy cryptographic purposes. the ultimate half addresses extra refined cryptographic functions, together with LFSR-based circulation ciphers and index calculus methods.

Accounting for the effect of present computing device architectures, this booklet explores the algorithmic and implementation features of cryptanalysis equipment. it may function a instruction manual of algorithmic equipment for cryptographers in addition to a textbook for undergraduate and graduate classes on cryptanalysis and cryptography.

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However, collision resistance is a trickier property. For any unkeyed hash function H, there exists an efficient adversary which simply prints out two messages M and M contained in its code, such that H(M ) = H(M ). For keyed family, the problem vanishes, which explains why they are preferred for theoretical purposes. Of course, the existence of the above efficient adversary does not help to find collision in practice. Thus, the common answer is to overlook the above problem and to simply keep the definition informal: a hash function is then said to be collision resistant when no practical method can efficiently yield collisions.

2 Euclid’s extended algorithm Require: Input two integers X and Y Let αy ←− 0 and βx ←− 0. if X ≥ 0 then Let x ←− X and αx ←− 1. else Let x ←− −X and αx ←− −1. end if if Y ≥ 0 then Let y ←− Y and βy ←− 1. else Let y ←− −Y and βy ←− −1. end if if x > y then Exchange x and y Exchange αx and αy Exchange βx and βy end if while x > 0 do Let q ←− y/x (Quotient of Euclidean division) Let r ←− y − qx (Remainder of Euclidean division) Let αr ←− αy − qαx Let βr ←− βy − qβx Let y ←− x, αy ←− αx and βy ←− βx Let x ←− r, αx ←− αr and βx ←− βr end while Output y and (αy , βy ) Optionally output (αx , βx ) The notion of greatest common divisor can be generalized to sets of integers.

If a = na /da and b = nb /db , we find that c = GCD(na db , nb da )/da db . Thus, using the GCD algorithm with rationals is essentially the same as using it with integers. When the inputs are real numbers x and y, matters are more complicated. Assuming temporarily that computations are performed with infinite precision, two cases arise, either x/y is a rational, in which case there exists a smallest positive real z such that xZ + yZ = zZ, or x/y is irrational, in which case xZ + yZ contains arbitrarily small positive numbers.

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Algorithmic Cryptanalysis by Antoine Joux

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