By Thayer Scudder
This publication highlights the long term resettlement means of the Egyptian Nubian humans alongside the Aswan excessive Dam. Assessing the resettlement of 48,000 Egyptian Nubians in reference to the excessive Dam is principally vital for 3 major purposes: to start with, this resettlement technique is among the infrequent circumstances within which examine all started ahead of the dam was once equipped has persisted for over 40 years. Secondly, the resettlement of the Egyptian Nubian humans is among the few situations during which the residing criteria of the big majority greater as a result of the preliminary political will of the govt., mixed with Nubian projects. Thirdly, given the complexity of the resettlement strategy, weaknesses in govt making plans, implementation, and within the weakening of presidency political supply invaluable classes for destiny dam-induced resettlement efforts.
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Extra resources for Aswan High Dam Resettlement of Egyptian Nubians
Communicable diseases such as dysentery, measles and a form of encephalitis quickly spread in the suddenly condensed population. These conditions were aggravated by the high summer temperatures typical of the region. They caused a rapid rise in mortality, especially among the very young and the very old” (Fernea and Kennedy 1966: 350). As is common with dam resettlement worldwide, “some areas had initial difﬁculties with water supplies” (Ibid). Maintenance of the 200 communal taps, for example, proved to be a problem.
The second generation was well aware of such difﬁculties, having been informed about them by their elders. As a result, of 80 ﬁrst and second generation resettlers, only two gave a positive answer to question 33, which asked if respondents would have been willing to leave Old Nubia for Kom Ombo (or elsewhere) if a wider range of choices and opportunities had been available. Both were older men in their seventies. One was the engineer mentioned above who had graduated at the time of resettlement from Cairo University.
Women took the initiative to remodel their housing; in the words of one, “to change the government house to a Nubian home” (quoted by Fahim no date: 79). By 1970, Fahim noted that “the facade of houses in most of the villages (88 %) had been plastered, painted and decorated” (April 1971: 13). Customary low benches were also made outside, being important in Old Nubia as a place for people to congregate and visit. Inside houses walls were decorated, while tiles were laid over sand floors. Livestock quarters in most households were moved outside, often, because of space constrictions, to the middle of what were supposed to be streets.
Aswan High Dam Resettlement of Egyptian Nubians by Thayer Scudder