By Pierre Miquel
Книга по истории Европы, описывает период с 1450 по 1550 гг.
Содержит большое число иллюстраций по культуре и быту европейцев в эпоху великих географических открытий.
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Additional resources for Au temps des grandes decouvertes: 1450-1550
29 Professions and Professionals four native banks operated side by side in Shanghai. 36 Stock exchanges constituted an important part of the financial enterprise in Shanghai. Chinese entrepreneurs took an interest in stock trade as early as the 1860s. 37 During the first decade of the twentieth century, Chinese enterprises, especially railroad companies born of the Railroad Rights Movement, issued stocks; Chinese brokers in Shanghai had a big time. The brokers traded stocks and other securities every morning at the so-called tea gatherings (chahui) in the Huifang Tea House at the intersection of the Fourth Road (later Fuzhou lu) and Daxin Jie (Hubei lu).
One the one hand, the Treaty of Shimonoseki allowed the Japanese (and Westerners too, thanks to the most-favored-nation clause in the treaties between China and Western powers) to open factories in treaty ports, which triggered a wave of foreigners opening factories in Shanghai and elsewhere. On the other hand, the military defeat and national humiliation that China suffered in the war stirred Chinese entrepreneurs to build national industry with a new sense of urgency. 19 The First World War brought forth what Marie-Claire Bergère called “the golden age of the Chinese bourgeoisie,” and Chinese business executives did not miss out on the opportunity.
16 Introduction nationalist struggle against foreign privileges, Chinese professionals could and did work with the state. To complicate the matter further, Chinese nationalism was manifested in conflicts not only between Chinese and foreigners but also between different groups of Chinese affected by the Western presence and the modernization process. A prime example was the protracted battle between native physicians and Western-style doctors in the process of medical professionalization – a struggle that carried profound implications for China’s path to modernity.
Au temps des grandes decouvertes: 1450-1550 by Pierre Miquel