Read e-book online Before Auschwitz: Jewish Prisoners in the Prewar PDF

By Kim Wünschmann

ISBN-10: 0674967593

ISBN-13: 9780674967595

Auschwitz—the greatest and so much infamous of Hitler’s focus camps—was based in 1940, however the Nazis were detaining Jews in camps ever due to the fact that they got here to strength in 1933. Before Auschwitz unearths the little-known origins of the focus camp procedure within the years earlier than international struggle II and divulges the instrumental function of those extralegal detention websites within the improvement of Nazi rules towards Jews and in plans to create a racially natural 3rd Reich.

Investigating greater than a dozen camps, from the notorious Dachau, Buchenwald, and Sachsenhausen to much less typical websites, Kim Wünschmann uncovers a technique of terror intended to spot and isolate German Jews within the interval from 1933 to 1939. The focus camp method was once necessary to a regime then trying out the boundaries of its strength and trying to seize the hearts and minds of the German public. Propagandized by way of the Nazis as enemies of the kingdom, Jews have been usually particular for arbitrary arrest after which usually subjected to the most harsh therapy and such a lot punishing hard work assignments within the camps. a few of them have been murdered. through the years, surprising debts of camp lifestyles filtered into the German inhabitants, sending a message that Jews have been various from precise Germans: they have been portrayed as risky to go together with and reasonable video game for acts of intimidation and violence.

Drawing on a variety of formerly unexplored records, Before Auschwitz explains how the focus camps advanced right into a universally well-known image of Nazi terror and Jewish persecution in the course of the Holocaust.

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Extra info for Before Auschwitz: Jewish Prisoners in the Prewar Concentration Camps

Example text

Many of those who would have otherwise qualified for exemptions from the professional ban were criminalized as agents of Communism and deported to camps. In turn, their alleged political offenses, supposedly “proven” through their imprisonment, became the determining factor in the juridical authorities’ decision to banish them from work in the legal sector. ” The effects for the persecuted were devastating. Protective custody measures destroyed not only their careers. Given the high degree of identification of many Jewish jurists with the legal profession, it destroyed their personalities and social lives as well as the lives of their families.

102 For some Jewish lawyers, practicing law was not merely a craft but a question of identity. ” As his son later recalled, “His commitment to the law was more than the choice of a career. It was a dedication to German culture and society, more specifically, to the development and reform of German law in place of his family’s traditional commitment to Judaism. ”103 Many Jewish lawyers tended to advocate progressive ideas of democracy and social emancipation. But only very few could really exert political influence.

Once captured after Hitler’s seizure of power, Scholem, Hirsch, Mühsam, and Litten were trophies whose maltreatment satisfied a long-held lust for vengeance on the part of the Nazi movement’s paramilitary units, first and foremost the SA. ” The regime exploited their left-wing sympathies to construct a Jewish-Bolshevist threat, from which the nascent Nazi “people’s community” had to be defended by means of protective custody and concentration camps. 60 In the camps, Scholem, Hirsch, Mühsam, and, Litten were tormented to present an example of Nazi power and to initiate guards into a practice of brutal antisemitic conduct.

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Before Auschwitz: Jewish Prisoners in the Prewar Concentration Camps by Kim Wünschmann


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