By Donald Clark Hodges
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Additional resources for The bureaucratization of socialism
1978). In the Mexican edition the conceptual framework presented here is also used to explain the bureaucratization of capitalism, to explain contemporary class struggles and abortive political revolutions in the West where the proletariat has also failed to live up to Marxist expectations. This model of classes and class struggle has also been applied to an understanding of Latin American revolutions. See, for instance, my earlier works, Argentina 19431976: The National Revolution and Resistance (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1976) and, with Ross Gandy, Mexico 19101976: Reform or Revolution?
Contrary to Marx's forecasts, the abolition of bourgeois property was achieved without any of the six corollaries that were supposed to follow from it. Class antagonisms were abolished only if we supposewhat we subsequently disputethat Soviet bureaucrats make up a social stratum and not a class. Even according to Soviet accounts, two other classes survived: a new working class formally owning the means of production that were acquired by the state; and a new peasantry defined by the ownership of collective-farm property.
In part 2 of the Communist Manifesto its abolition is associated with six corollaries. " Marx would later repeat this forecast in his 1859 preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy: "The bourgeois relations of production are the last antagonistic form of the social process of production. "Antagonistic in what respects? The antagonism, Marx tells us, is not only between owners and nonowners but also between the expanding forces of production and the forms of ownership operating as fetters on economic development.
The bureaucratization of socialism by Donald Clark Hodges